Some of the best wines of Italy are coming from the famous Bolgheri DOC (Denominazione di origine controllata), a name given to the wines from the village Bolgheri in Toscane.
A historical review of the Bolgheri DOC
Bolgheri DOC is a wine exists in different versions like Bolgheri red, Bolgheri red superiore, Bolgheri Sauvignon, Bolgheri Vermenito, Bolgheri, Bolgheri white, Bolgheri rosé, Bolgheri Vin Santo, Sassicaia and Occhio di Pernice. These are numerous sorts of wines produced in the Tuscan village that become recognized as DOC in 1994. Previously the wines were called « Super Tuscans » but were essentialy table wines with a typical geographical indication « Toscane IGT ».
A blessed land for wines
The wineyards from the Tuscan region are the best and most famous wineyards from Italy. The soil in the region is extraordinary divers, the Bolgheri wineyards are situated on an alluvial soil covered with cobbles, volcanic rocks, loam, silty and gritty lands with a subsoil made of volcanic rocks and alluvial old river-beds.
Moreover, different grape varieties have been planted around the Bolgheri village. Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Merlot are the varieties used for the red and rosé wine. For the white wines, Vermentino, Sauvignon Blanc and Viognier are used. For the rosé’s, Vin Santo and Occhio di Pernice, Sangiovese grapes and black Malvasie are used.
Before a Bolgheri DOC-wine can be tasted, a minimum of 4 year-long ageing is needed. For the rosé-wones Vin Santo and Occhio di Pernice, the ageing must last at least 5 years. The Bolgheri Sassicaia has to ripe in the cave for at least 24 months in oaken barrels and 6 months in bottles before it can be sold.
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